Conakry Guinea Events

The West African country of Guinea defied the coronavirus pandemic by holding a controversial referendum on Sunday that could allow the president to stay in power longer. Guinea's head of state arrives in Burkina Faso for a meeting with President Ouattara at the presidential palace in Ouagadougou, Guinea. The French Republic of Guinea is the country of West Africa and Guinea - Conakry is the modern country formerly known as French Guinea (French guinees francaises), to distinguish it from its colonial counterpart, the French Republic.

France is negotiating with Guinea-Conakry on the future of the country's oil and gas reserves in the West African region.

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, France negotiated the independence of what is now Guinea-Bissau and Liberia, as well as the establishment of the Democratic Republic of Congo. Conte immediately denounced the former regime's human rights record, releasing 250 political prisoners and encouraging another 200,000 or so to return from exile. After their meeting in Ouagadougou on 13 and 14 January, they issued a formal declaration with twelve principles promising a "peaceful transition of power" and the restoration of democracy in the country.

The French quickly withdrew and Guinea declared itself a sovereign and independent republic. African scientists and activists flocked to Guinea to help the young country get off to a solid start. But the good will of these scholars - experts left Guinea as soon as their own country gained independence, coupled with Sekou Tours "repressive tendencies - was gone.

On 27 December 1974, parliamentary elections were held and the Democratic Party of Guinea (PDG) won 150 of the 150 seats in the National Assembly. Other French colonies chose former Guinea as their candidate for the 1974 presidential election, with the Republican Party of the former French colonies winning 150 of 150 seats in the National Assembly. On 28 December 1975, Guinea achieved independence in a national referendum, rejecting the proposal by Sekou Tours to remain in Guinea under the rule of its former colony, the French Empire. Guinea voted for independence by a majority of 52 to 44 percent, gaining the support of more than 80 percent of the population, but not all other colonies.

The current Guinean constitution was hastily compiled and emerged from the political crisis of 2008-2010. It was formed in 2008 when the National Assembly of Guinea was dissolved in a military coup by the military government of President Alpha Conde and his allies in December.

At least 12 people have been shot dead by security forces in the often violent protests that followed disputed local elections and teachers' strikes. There has been a spate of alleged killings of protesters during protests in 2019, as well as the deaths of at least four people in 2014.

Government and security forces clashed with protesters in the capital Gueckedou on July 5, killing at least eight people. On the same day, 15 people were killed in clashes between demonstrators and police in protests against the government's handling of the local elections and the teachers "strike.

Several people, including Ousmane Balde, who was then president of the Central Bank and finance minister, were arrested after the attack and detained at Camp Boiro. Among the suspects is the former head of the National Council for Democracy and Development in Guinea, who ruled Guinea until September 2009 and lives in exile in Burkina Faso.

Moussa Dadis Camara was refused re-entry to Guinea after he was released from Morocco on suspicion of disrupting the transition process. He was also charged with the murder of the former President of the National Council for Democracy and Development of Guinea and was extradited from Guinea to Senegal for evading justice for more than five years.

President Ahmed Sekou Toure escaped an assassination attempt by Tidiane Keita and was injured in an attack on his residence in Conakry. President Lansana Conte, who had ruled Guinea since 1984, died on 22 December 2008 of an incurable disease. Captain Moise Dadis Camara seized power in a military coup, suspended the constitution and took control of the National Council for Democracy and Development of Guinea (NCDD) on 1 January 2009. On 2 January 2010, Captain Moussa Dad seizes power following a coup d'etat against Liberian President Mohamed Ousmane Diallo and President Mahamadou Diouf.

The Soviet ambassador Daniel Semyonovich Solod is expelled by the Guinean government after the suppression of a teachers "plot in November 1961.

Portuguese troops in exile are withdrawing from the country to rescue 26 Portuguese prisoners of war held in the Boiro camp. Portuguese troops in neighbouring Portuguese Guinea staged a coup against exiled Guinean opposition forces in the 1970s.

At least 13 suspects have been indicted, including members of the military junta that has ruled Guinea since September 2009 and two senior officials who are currently serving in the security forces. On 12 October, nine civil society leaders were arrested and six sentenced to prison terms of between 6 and 12 months on 22 October for organising protests. The two-week protests, which brought much of Guinea to a standstill, were staged after junta leader Camara brutally crushed protests in September 2009 on the orders of his successor, President Alpha Conde.

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